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人际交往距离

交往双方的人际关系以及所处情境决定着相互间自我空间的范围。美国人类学家爱德华霍尔博士划分了四种区域或距离,各种距离都与对方的关系相称。人们的个体空间需求大体上可分为四种距离:公共距离、社交距离、个人距离、亲密距离。

交往双方的人际关系以及所处情境决定着相互间自我空间的范围。美国人类学家爱德华霍尔博士划分了四种区域或距离,各种距离都与对方的关系相称。人们的个体空间需求大体上可分为四种距离:公共距离社交距离个人距离、亲密距离。

野生动物有办法标示自己的领地,人类在进化过程中,也继承了这个意识

原文摘抄"What Every Body is Saying"中 Joe对于空间需求的论述如下:

Foot and leg behavior is especially important to observe when you first meet people. It reveals a lot about how they feel about you. Personally, when I first meet someone, I typically lean in, give the person a hearty handshake (depending on the appropriate cultural norms in the situation), make good eye contact, and then take a step back and see what happens next. One of three responses is likely to take place: (a) the person will remain in place, which lets me know he or she is comfortable at that distance; (b) the individual will take a step back or turn slightly away, which lets me know he or she needs more space or wants to be elsewhere; or (c) the person will actually take a step closer to me, which means he or she feels comfortable and/or favorable toward me. I take no offense to the individual's behavior because I am simply using this opportunity to see how he or she really feels about me.

Remember, the feet are the most honest part of the body. If a person needs extra space, I give it. If he or she is comfortable, I don't have to worry about dealing with a proximity issue. If someone takes a step toward me, I know they feel more comfortable near me. This is useful information in any social setting, but also remember you should set limits as to what makes you comfortable when it comes to space.

译文如下:

如果你是第一次遇到某些人,那么,对腿部和脚部行为的观察就变得尤其重要。这些动作能告诉你对方对你的感觉。当我第一次见到什么人时,我一般会真心诚意地 上前与对方握手,并保持良好的目光接触,然后后退一步,等待对方的反应。通常会有以下三种结果:(a)这个人待在原地不动,这时我就会知道对方对这样的距离感到满意;(b)这个人会后退一步或稍稍移开一些,于是我便知道,对方需要更大的空间,或不想再待在这儿;(c)这个人会上前一步,离我更近一些,这说 明对方喜欢与我相处或喜欢与我交谈。我不会干涉对方的行为,因为我正好可以趁机观察一下他(她)对我的感觉。【译者注:然后在此基础上,选择和决定进行交流的方式,以期达到较好的效果。】

记住,双脚是我们身体中最诚实的部分。如果一个人需要更多的空间,我们应该满足对方的需求。如果对方感到很舒适,我们可以不必考虑距离问题。但是,如果对方上前一步,我便知道他们愿意离我再近一些。在社交场合中,这是一种非常有用的信息。但是,记住,你应该根据自己对空间的舒适感设定一个距离底线。

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