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科罗拉多州

科罗拉多州(英语:Colorado)是美国西部的一州,东接堪萨斯州,南界俄克拉荷马州和新墨西哥州,西邻犹他州,北与怀俄明州和内布拉斯加州接壤。该州首府兼最大城为丹佛。

科罗拉多州是以西班牙语"Colorado"命名的,意为"带点红色的",估计这可能指的是该地区红色的砂岩地层或是科罗拉多河两岸的赭红色景观。科罗拉多州州树为云杉,州花为薰衣草,州鸟为云雀。

科罗拉多州原为阿拉帕霍、切廷内和犹他等部族印第安人居住地。许多地名为印第安语。弗德台地国家公园中的崖洞是古代印第安普埃布洛人社区的遗址。至今仍有大约9000印第安人住在该州。16-17世纪,西班牙人和法国人先后来此。西班牙探险家看到落基山上彩色斑斓的岩石,遂将此地取名为"科罗拉多",意为"红色的"。1803年美国通过科罗拉多州内共分64个郡。州府丹佛市(Denver),

人口约57万,为科州政治、贸易、金融和制造业中心。科罗拉多斯普林斯市是美国空军军官学校所在地。较大的城市还有奥罗拉和莱克伍德。

主要城镇:丹佛、奥罗拉、布顿、恩格尔伍德、莱克伍德阿斯彭博尔德、科罗拉多斯普林斯、柯林斯堡、大章克申、韦尔。路易斯安那购买协议取得该州东部大片土地。1806年派克斯攀登了以其名字命名的山峰(派克斯峰)。1859年派克斯峰发现金矿,掘金者蜂拥而至。1876年美国独立100周年时建州,故有"百年州"之称,成为美国第38州。

County
FIPS code
County seat
Established
Formed from
Etymolgy
Population
Area
Map

Adams County001Brighton1902-11-15Split fromArapahoe County.Named in honor ofAlva Adams, the 5th, 10th, and 14thGovernorof the State of Colorado.441,6031,182.29sqmi
(3,062km)

Alamosa County003Alamosa1913-03-08Split fromCostilla CountyandConejos Countycounties.Named for thecottonwood treeswhich grow along theRio Grandeand its tributaries.Alamosais a Spanish word for acottonwood grove.15,445723.21sqmi
(1,873km)

Arapahoe County005Littleton1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado. Renamed South Arapahoe County for the five months from November 15, 1902 to April 11, 1903.Named for predecessorArapahoe County, Kansas Territory, which in turn was named for theArapaho NationofNative Americans.572,003804.41sqmi
(2,083km)

Archuleta County007Pagosa Springs1885-04-14Split fromConejos County.Named in honor ofColorado State SenatorAntonio D. Archuleta.12,0841,354.53sqmi
(3,508km)

Baca County009Springfield1889-04-16Split fromLas Animas County.Named in honor of pioneer andColorado territorial legislatorFelipe Baca.3,7882,558.48sqmi
(6,626km)

Bent County011Las Animas1870-02-11Split fromHuerfano Countyand former Cheyenne and Arapaho tribal land.Named in honor of frontier traderWilliam Bent.6,4991,541.07sqmi
(3,991km)

Boulder County013Boulder1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named for the abundance ofgranitebouldersalongBoulder Creek.294,567740.48sqmi
(1,918km)

City and County of Broomfield014Broomfield2001-11-15Split fromBoulder,Adams,Jefferson, andWeldcounties and reorganized as aconsolidated city and county.Named for thebroom cornthat was formerly grown in the area.55,88933.57sqmi
(87km)

Chaffee County015Salida1879-02-10Split fromCarbonate County.Named in honor ofJerome Bunty Chaffee, one ofColorado's first twoU.S. Senatorsfrom 1876 to 1879.17,8091,014.12sqmi
(2,627km)

Cheyenne County017Cheyenne Wells1889-03-25Split fromElbertandBentcounties.Named for theCheyenne NationofNative Americans.1,8361,781.90sqmi
(4,615km)

Clear Creek County019Georgetown1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named forClear Creekwhich originates in the county.9,088396.53sqmi
(1,027km)

Conejos County021Conejos1861-11-01Guadalupe County, one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado, was renamedConejos Countyafter six days on November 7, 1861.Named for thecottontail rabbitsin the area.Conejosis a Spanish word forrabbits.8,2561,290.22sqmi
(3,342km)

Costilla County023San Luis1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named for the Costilla River.Costillais a Spanish word meaning eitherlittle riborfurring timber.3,5241,229.38sqmi
(3,184km)

Crowley County025Ordway1911-05-29Split fromOtero County.Named in honor ofColorado State SenatorJohn H. Crowley.5,823800.27sqmi
(2,073km)

Custer County027Westcliffe1877-03-09Split fromFremont County.Named in memory ofGeorge Armstrong Custer, (1839 - 1876), the U.S. Armycoloneldefeated and killed at theBattle of the Little Bighorn.4,255739.24sqmi
(1,915km)

Delta County029Delta1883-02-11Split fromGunnison County.Named for the town ofDeltalocated at thedeltaof theUncompahgre River.30,9521,149.44sqmi
(2,977km)

City and County of Denver031Denver1902-11-15The originalArapahoeCounty Seatwas split fromArapahoe Countyand reorganized as aconsolidated city and county.Named to curry favor withJames W. Denver,Governorof theTerritory of Kansasfrom 1857 to 1859.600,158155.66sqmi
(403km)

Dolores County033Dove Creek1881-03-04Split fromOuray County.Named for theDolores River, which was originally namedel Rio de Nuestra Senora de los Dolores, which is Spanish forthe River of our Lady of Sorrows.2,0641,076.93sqmi
(2,789km)

Douglas County035Castle Rock1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named in honor ofStephen Arnold Douglas, (1813 - 1861),U.S. SenatorfromIllinoisfrom 1847 to 1861.285,465842.30sqmi
(2,182km)

Eagle County037Eagle1883-02-11Split fromSummit County.Named for theEagle Riverwhich originates in the county.52,1971,700.76sqmi
(4,405km)

El Paso County041Colorado Springs1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named forUte Passin the county.El pasois a Spanish expression forthe pass.622,2632,128.60sqmi
(5,513km)

Elbert County039Kiowa1874-02-02Split fromDouglas County.Named in honor ofSamuel Hitt Elbert, the sixthGovernorof theTerritory of Colorado.23,0861,849.08sqmi
(4,789km)

Fremont County043Caon City1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named in honor ofJohn Charles Frémont(1813 - 1890), the explorer, U.S. Army general, andU.S. SenatorfromCalifornia.46,8241,533.09sqmi
(3,971km)

Garfield County045Glenwood Springs1883-02-10Split fromSummit County.Named in honor ofJames Abram Garfield(1831 - 1881), the twentiethPresident of the United States.56,3892,958.23sqmi
(7,662km)

Gilpin County047Central City1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named in honor ofWilliam Gilpin, the firstGovernorof theTerritory of Colorado.5,441150.15sqmi
(389km)

Grand County049Hot Sulphur Springs1874-02-02Split fromSummit County.Named for theGrand Riverwhich originates in the county. The Grand River was renamed theColorado Riverin 1921, but the county retains the original name.14,8431,868.53sqmi
(4,839km)

Gunnison County051Gunnison1877-03-09Split fromLake County.Named in honor ofJohn Williams Gunnison, the U.S. Army captain who explored the region.15,3243,259.22sqmi
(8,441km)

Hinsdale County053Lake City1874-02-10Split fromLake,Conejos, andCostillacounties.Named in honor of George Aaron Hinsdale, a Lieutenant Governor of theTerritory of Colorado.8431,123.35sqmi
(2,909km)

Huerfano County055Walsenburg1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named forHuerfano Butte, a solitary volcanic plug.Huerfanois a Spanish word meaningorphan.6,7111,592.37sqmi
(4,124km)

Jackson County057Walden1909-05-05Split fromLarimer County.Named in honor ofAndrew Jackson(1767 - 1845), the seventhPresident of the United States.1,3941,619.75sqmi
(4,195km)
Jefferson County059Golden1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named for its extralegal predecessor county,Jefferson County, Jefferson Territory, which in turn was named in honor ofThomas Jefferson(1743 - 1826), the author of theDeclaration of Independenceand the thirdPresident of the United States.534,543772.85sqmi
(2,002km)

Kiowa County061Eads1889-04-11Split fromBent County.Named for theKiowa NationofNative Americans.1,3981,785.90sqmi
(4,625km)

Kit Carson County063Burlington1889-04-11Split fromElbert County.Named in honor ofChristopher Houston "Kit" Carson, the famous frontier scout and soldier.8,2702,162.43sqmi
(5,601km)

La Plata County067Durango1874-02-10Split fromLakeandConejoscounties.Named for the manysilverdeposits in the area.La platais a Spanish expression forthe silver.51,3341,700.44sqmi
(4,404km)

Lake County065Leadville1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado. RenamedCarbonate Countyfor the two days from February 810, 1879.Named for theTwin Lakesin the county.7,310383.55sqmi
(993km)

Larimer County069Fort Collins1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named in honor ofWilliam Larimer, a pioneer entrepreneur.299,6302,631.75sqmi
(6,816km)

Las Animas County071Trinidad1866-02-09Split fromHuerfano County.Named for theAnimas River, which was originally namedel Rio de las Animas Perdidas, which is Spanish forthe River of the Souls in Purgatory.15,5074,773.27sqmi
(12,363km)

Lincoln County073Hugo1889-04-11Split fromElbertandBentcounties.Named in honor ofAbraham Lincoln(1809 - 1865), the sixteenthPresident of the United States.5,4672,585.21sqmi
(6,696km)

Logan County075Sterling1887-02-25Split fromWeld County.Named in honor ofJohn Alexander Logan(1826 - 1886), a U.S. Army general andU.S. SenatorfromIllinois.22,7091,845.31sqmi
(4,779km)

Mesa County077Grand Junction1883-02-14Split fromGunnison County.Named for themesaformations which are widespread through the area.146,7233,345.69sqmi
(8,665km)

Mineral County079Creede1893-03-27Split fromHinsdale,Rio Grande, andSaguachecounties.Named from the plentifulmineraldeposits found in the area.712878.16sqmi
(2,274km)

Moffat County081Craig1911-02-27Split fromRoutt County.Named in honor of railroad pioneerDavid H. Moffat.13,7954,755.86sqmi
(12,318km)

Montezuma County083Cortez1889-04-16Split fromLa Plata County.Named in honor ofAztecleaderMoctezuma II. Ruins in the area were once thought to be Aztec.25,5352,035.80sqmi
(5,273km)

Montrose County085Montrose1883-02-11Split fromGunnison County.Named for the town ofMontrose, which in turn was probably named from the novelA Legend of Montrose, published in 1819 byWalter Scott.41,2762,246.43sqmi
(5,818km)

Morgan County087Fort Morgan1889-02-19Split fromWeld County.Named for oldFort Morgan, which in turn was named in honor of U.S. Army ColonelChristopher A. Morgan.28,1591,293.83sqmi
(3,351km)

Otero County089La Junta1889-03-25Split fromBent County.Named in honor ofMiguel A. Oteroof the prominent Otero family of theSouthwest.18,8311,267.66sqmi
(3,283km)

Ouray County091Ouray1877-01-18Split fromHinsdaleandLakecounties. RenamedUncompaghre Countyfor four days from 1883-02-27, to 1883-03-02.Named in honor ofOuray, aUteNative Americanleader.4,436542.30sqmi
(1,405km)

Park County093Fairplay1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named forSouth Parkwhich occupies most of the county.16,2062,209.36sqmi
(5,722km)

Phillips County095Holyoke1889-03-27Split fromLogan County.Named in honor of R.O. Phillips, secretary of the Lincoln Land Company, which sold farmsteads in the area.4,442688.30sqmi
(1,783km)

Pitkin County097Aspen1881-02-23Split fromGunnison County.Named in honor ofFrederick Walker Pitkin, the secondGovernorof the State of Colorado.17,148970.37sqmi
(2,513km)

Prowers County099Lamar1889-04-11Split fromBent County.Named in honor of John W. Prowers, a pioneer of theArkansas Rivervalley.12,5511,645.37sqmi
(4,261km)

Pueblo County101Pueblo1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named for historic town ofPueblo.Pueblois a Spanish word meaningvillageorpeople.159,0632,396.77sqmi
(6,208km)

Rio Blanco County103Meeker1889-03-25Split fromGarfield County.Named for theWhite River, which was originally namedRio Blancoin Spanish.6,6663,226.24sqmi
(8,356km)

Rio Grande County105Del Norte1874-02-10Split fromCostilla CountyandConejos Countycounties.Named for theRio Grande, which flows through the area.11,982913.10sqmi
(2,365km)

Routt County107Steamboat Springs1877-01-29Split fromGrand County.Named in honor ofJohn Long Routt, the firstGovernorof the State of Colorado.23,5092,362.11sqmi
(6,118km)

Saguache County109Saguache1866-12-29Split fromLakeandCostillacounties.Name comes from aUte languagenoun meaning "sand dunes".6,1083,168.32sqmi
(8,206km)

San Juan County111Silverton1876-01-31Split fromLake County.Named for theSan Juan RiverandSan Juan Mountains, which in turn were named forSaint John the Evangelist.699388.99sqmi
(1,007km)

San Miguel County113Telluride1883-03-02Split fromSan Juan County.Named for theSan Miguel RiverandSan Miguel Mountains, which in turn were named forSaint Michael the Archangel.7,3591,290.76sqmi
(3,343km)

Sedgwick County115Julesburg1889-04-09Split fromLogan County.Named for Fort Sedgwick, which, in turn, was named for U.S. Army GeneralJohn Sedgwick(1813 - 1864).2,379548.83sqmi
(1,421km)

Summit County117Breckenridge1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named for the many highmountain summitsin the area.27,994618.92sqmi
(1,603km)

Teller County119Cripple Creek1899-03-23Split fromEl PasoandFremontcounties.Named in honor ofHenry Moore Teller, aU.S. SenatorfromColoradoandUnited States Secretary of the Interior.23,350558.58sqmi
(1,447km)

Washington County121Akron1887-02-09Split fromWeld County.Named in honor ofGeorge Washington(1732 - 1799), the firstPresident of the United States.4,8142,522.90sqmi
(6,534km)

Weld County123Greeley1861-11-01Created as one of the 17 original counties of theTerritory of Colorado.Named in honor of Lewis Ledyard Weld, the first Secretary of theTerritory of Colorado.252,8254,013.84sqmi
(10,396km)

Yuma County125Wray1889-03-15Split fromWashington County.Named for theQuechan (Yuma) NationofNative Americans.10,0432,369.61sqmi
(6,137km)


科罗拉多州位于美国西部,洛矶山脉东侧,西部地形以高山和丘陵为主,东部则是高原地形。全州平均高度海拔2072米,为50个州中地势最高的一个州。落基山脉的埃尔伯特峰海拔4402米,为该州最高峰。落基山脉以东为科罗拉多山前地带,宽80公里,长440公里,地表呈波状起伏。山前地带面积为全州的34%,人口占全州的80%。再往东属高平原地区,气温干旱,年降水量平均仅406毫米,70%为夏雨。落基山脉纵贯本州中部,构成著名的大陆分水岭,东部属大西洋流域,西部属太平洋流域。落基山地东坡的普拉特河阿肯色河都是密西西比河的支流,格兰德河南流入新墨西哥州,最后注入墨西哥湾。科罗拉多河由此州向西南流,注入加利福尼亚湾。州内落基山地以西,多未开发,有小片印第安人保留区。气候温和,丹佛的7月均温为23℃,1月均温为-2℃。

科罗拉多州盛产矿产,以金、银。现以钼、、锌、钒、铜、铅、石油、煤和天然气为主。 钼产量居全国首位。

科罗拉多州人口486万,位居全美第24位,其中白人占总人口的82.8%,拉美裔、黑人、亚太裔分别占总人口的19.7%、3.7%和2.8%。

科罗拉多州经济传统上以矿产开发和农业为主,自然资源非常丰富,主要包括森林、煤、原油、天然气、金、银、各种石料等。农产品主要有玉米、水果、牛肉、各类蔬菜。为摆脱过 份依赖矿业和农业的局面,科罗拉多州政府一直以经济的"多元化"为主导目标,现已成为美国制造业、旅游业、服务业、通讯和高科技业、交通运输业较为发达的州。其中旅游收入在美各州中排名第8位,特别是冬季以滑雪胜地而闻名。

主要旅游景点:岩石山国家公园、科罗拉多国家历史文物、恐龙国家历史文物、大的沙丘国家历史文物和自然保护区、盛大Mesa 国家森林、派克国家森林、罗斯福国家森林、圣伊莎贝尔国家森林、白色河国家森林、西部麋自然保护区。

科罗拉多州发达的高速公路和铁路系统使它成为了一个主要的商品分拨中心,科罗拉多州境内的公路总长9200英里,州际间高速公路954英里,最主要的25及40号州际公路与该州境内四通八达的联邦和州道路构成绵密便利之交通网。丹佛附近的埃文斯山上的公路海拔3400米,是美国海拔最高的公路。铁路设施方面,有五条主要铁道连接美国各主要港口。丹佛国际机场是世界上最繁忙的机场之一(在全美各机场中排名第六位),每天约有1400架次的飞机起落,每年约有3800万人次的旅客。

埃里克康奈尔(1961-):物理学家,因在玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚方面的成就而获诺贝尔物理奖

约翰Q威尔森(James Q. Wilson , 19312012):政治科学学者,以公共管治方面的研究最为知名

尼古拉特斯拉(18561943):电机发明家、工程师

露丝韩德尔(Ruth Handler,1916-2002):芭比玩偶的发明人

威拉得利比(1908-1980):放射性碳定年法的发明人,诺贝尔化学奖

范朋克(1883-1939):电影演员

杰克丹姆西(Jack Dempsey,1895-1983):世界重量级拳击冠军

约翰丹佛(1943-1997):民歌歌手

乔治伽莫夫(1904-1968):物理学家、宇宙学家、科普作家,热大爆炸宇宙学模型的创立者

赫伯特克勒默(1928-):诺贝尔物理奖得主,以半导体的研究为主

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